Kerridge have four Conservation
Areas (CA) between them. They are:
* Note that Bollington and Kerridge conservation areas are legally
one entity but are shown here as two for clarification.
BTC are presently promoting the addition of Lowerhouse to the
Bollington Cross CA. Lowerhouse has many important buildings from
the Antrobus and Greg era - early to mid 19thC.
A project was carried out to enhance three streets in the Bollington
Conservation Area - Water Street, High Street (part) and
Palmerston Street (part) - known as the Historic
There was a proposal (2008) to take an area of land out of the
Macclesfield Canal CA and create a new CA called the Bollington
Civic CA, but nothing has yet come of this. It is unlikely
to happen because of the cost in time and legal requirements to
create a new CA. Once an area is protected it is likely to be left
The following text is taken with kind permission from Cheshire
East Council's Conservation Area Guide for Owners & Occupiers.
This is followed by a further note on sash windows.
Bollington and Kerridge developed as industrial townships which
grew rapidly in the early 19th century when a series of cotton
mills were established in the valley of the River Dean.
Kerridge, the smaller of the two settlements, lies on the fringe
of the Peak National Park to the west of a prominent sandstone
hill, 'Key Ridge', from which it takes its name. in the past, the
village was dependant upon stone quarrying and coal mining for
its livelihood. Some open shafts are still in evidence in the area,
including a ventilation shaft topped with a round castellated tower
on Windmill Lane. The steep hill site has produced interesting
changes of level and winding road pattern, which link stone cottages,
some scattered in isolation with large, steep gardens. The essential
character of the village is one of tightly knit terraced cottages
following the contours of Kerridge Hill - an almost parkland setting
with the wooded slopes of the hill acting as a backcloth to the
Bollington sits in and around a deep, narrow valley at the start
of the Pennine chain. For centuries the hills supplied water power
for mill machinery and soft water for textile manufacturing processes.
Before the late 18th century the Bollington area was only a string
of hamlets and the main activity was farming. In the late 18th
century a number of water-powered mills for cotton cloth manufacture
were built in the area.
The Conservation Areas
Ingersley Vale Mill was one of the first to be built and acquired
by the Swindells family, who later went on to build two much larger
mills by the canal, the Clarence Mill and the Adelphi Mill, which
were between them the principal employers of labour in Bollington
Most of the buildings in the old town of Bollington date from
the period of rapid industrialisation and population growth between
1800 and 1850. Local sandstone from Kerridge and other quarries
was available as a building material, which was not only attractive
and weathered well, but which split into thin sheets for roofing
The beginning of the 20th century saw construction of many of
the surviving cottages, such as those along Queen Street and the
lower part of Church Street and Lord Street. Many other buildings
belong to the same period and owe their great visual cohesion to
the consistent quality of the local building stone. Cottages, houses
and shops are usually stone-built, and often have Kerridge stone
slates on low pitched roofs. The character of the area is reinforced
by the sash windows, timber paneled and boarded doors, stone cills,
lintels and door surrounds.
In recognition of the quality of Bollington and Kerridge the areas
were designated as Conservation Areas in the early 1970's and the
Council has pursued policies to preserve and enhance their special
Article 4 Direction
In the past some buildings suffered from unsympathetic alterations
and modification, which had begun to affect the overall architectural
character of the area. In order to protect and improve the character
of the area, the Secretary of State of the Environment has granted
the Council additional planning controls over some properties within
the Conservation Area under the Borough of Macclesfield (Bollington
and Kerridge, Macclesfield) Article 4 Direction 1992. The schedule
and map will tell you if the property you own or occupy is covered.
If it is, you should contact the Planning Department if you are
intending to carry out any building work which will affect the
external appearance of the property as planning permission may
be required. The Conservation Officer will be able to advise you
if you need to make an application and how to go about submitting
The properties affected by Article 4 Direction are listed on the relevant
Conservation Area pages.
Planning (Listed Building and Conservation Areas) Act 1990.
The Council and Historic England will operate a scheme
of grant aid to help towards the cost of carrying out works of
improvement or repair to a conservation standard. These can include
repair to roofs, chimneys, rainwater goods, stonework, the replacement
of doors and windows to the original design. Normal maintenance,
extensions or modernisation would not be eligible for grant aid.
The Conservation Officer will be able to advise you on the availability
of these grants and whether your property would qualify.
The following notes should be read carefully if you are intending
to carry out works of alteration, improvement or repair. It is
not the Council's intention to prevent change or renewal but to
ensure it harmonises with, and improves, the character of the areas
rather than detracting from it. The types of work that will require
planning permission are set out below, together with notes on the
standard to which they should be carried out. These guidelines
will be used by the Planning Authority in considering applications
for planning permission.
Alterations and Extensions
The appearance of buildings and particularly their front elevations
should be retained in, or restored to, their original form. Extensions
to the rear may be acceptable where they respect the existing building
in terms of design and materials. Pitched roofs will usually be
External stonework should not be painted or rendered. Repair work
should be carried out in matching stone. Pointing should be carried
out flush with the face of the stone, allowed to dry slightly and
then brushed back with a wet rag to achieve a textured surface.
The mortar colour should match the stone or be a little lighter.
Strap pointing should be avoided. Stonework such as lintels, cills,
plinths, door cases should be repaired using plastic mortar techniques
and left paint free or repainted in a warm, stone coloured masonry
Front Doors, Door cases and Fanlights
Original paneled doors should always be retained where possible.
Replacement or new doors should be paneled, the number and dimensions
of panels will be individual to each terrace and should match surviving
originals. The upper panels may be glazed if natural lighting is
Doors should always be painted and not dark stained. Original
door furniture should be retained and replacements should be black
wrought iron or brass. Fanlights and door cases should be retained
or restored. PVC and aluminium doors should not be inserted.
Front windows should be timber double hung vertical sliding sashes.
The number of panes will be individual to each terrace and should
match surviving originals. Top opening casement windows may be
acceptable on rear elevations. PVC and aluminium windows, picture
windows and 'mock Georgian' windows should not be inserted. The
size of window openings should not be altered and windows should
be set in a reveal.
These will obscure the architectural detailing of elevations and
generally will not be acceptable.
These will usually not be permitted although roof lights may be
acceptable in certain situations. Roof lights should be fitted
with the slating.
The traditional roofing materials are either natural stone flags
or blue slates. Second hand materials of similar size and colour
should be used for repairs.
These are an integral part of the design of houses and give character
to roof lines. Where they are in need of repair they should be
rebuilt to the 'Original height even if no longer in use. The reinstatement
of a matching row of traditional pots will enhance their appearance.
Only original rainwater pipes should appear on front elevations
and replacements should be cast iron. Guttering should be either
timber or cast iron to the original profile. PVC waste systems
may be acceptable on rear elevations if painted black but as much
pipe work as possible should be placed internally.
These should make use of existing chimneys where possible and
wall mounted balanced flues should be located unobtrusively on
These should be repaired in matching stone to their original bonding
and stone copings re-set.
Shop fronts and Signs
These should be restored to their original appearance including
pilasters and cornice. Fascias and signs should be hand painted
Colour of Paintwork
It is recommended that windows and door cases should be painted
in white or magnolia (British Standard No 08B15 or lOB15). The
choice of colour for the painting of doors is normally a matter
for the householder, however the Council recommends traditional
colour schemes, and the following are suggested for guidance: green
(14C39), red (O4D45), blue (20D45); black (OOE53), brown (O8B29).
The demolition of a building within the Conservation Area requires
the Council's formal consent.
All trees within the Conservation Area are protected and you should
give the Council notice of any intention to fell or prune them.
New planting is encouraged and advice on matters of tree maintenance
and landscaping can be arranged.
How The Council Can Help You?
Cheshire East Council offers grant assistance towards the cost
of enhancement schemes which improve the character and setting
of the canal and towards the cost of repair and restoration work
on listed buildings. Leaflets giving full details of these schemes
are available from the conservation staff.
If you require forms, conservation advice, further information
or assistance please contact:
The Chief Planning Officer
Further note on Sash Windows
challenge of managing wooden sash windows and keeping buildings
energy efficient is a recurring issue for householders in conservation
areas. Canards about the extra costs of maintenance or poor energy
The Wood Window Alliance is one interesting group that brings
the industry together and provides useful guidance. You can find
out more here.
There is also helpful advice from Historic England, including
a useful video drawing attention to their value and summarising
important research which demonstrates
their high energy standards here