Lost but not forgotten!
While Bollington is well known for its many pubs, it is not
so well known that there used to be a lot more! Unbelievable
but true! Mind you, they weren't all open at the same time!
Quoting from Bollington in Old Picture Postcards by George Longden & the Bollington Civic Society History Group (see Books page) -
"... in 1755 Bollington had as many as eight inns, but ... in 1822, after almost forty years of industrial growth, there were only six. After 1830, however, many beerhouses were established, often in single terraced cottages. By 1900, Bollington had twenty-seven licensed premises: one for every 194 inhabitants."
One hundred years later, in 2000, there were about twenty-four licences including the two hotels but not including the restaurants.
Since then we have lost several and there are fears that more could go the same way. Support your local publican - pay them a visit at least once a week! Once a disused pub is returned to domestic use it is very unlikely ever to become a pub again.
Why so many?
It should be explained why the number of 'pubs' in 1900 (27)
seems so high. Remember that at that time there was no mains
water supply, nor mains drainage. Cholera and typhoid were commonplace
and killed a number of people every year. That was because
the water from wells was polluted by waste leaking from outside
toilets and the handling of waste by the night-soil men. Most
of the 'pubs' were actually beer houses. They brewed what was
known as small beer - beer having an alcohol level of less than
2%. This beer had, of course, been boiled as part of the brewing
process, and was therefore pure, unlike the well water. So it
was normal for families to drink only small beer in order to
avoid infection with deadly deseases. Even, in fact especially,
the children were given small beer to drink.
Many beer houses lost their licences in 1909, and I believe
this to have been because by that time most properties within
the town had mains water (piped from a borehole in Rainow), and
the sewer had been laid through much of the town. These two services
led to an enormous improvement in the general health of the town,
and typhoid and cholera were bannished for ever.
The Civic Society has pictures of many old pubs in its historic
picture collection. A couple are included below and they can
all be seen at the Discovery Centre at
Clarence Mill or online.
Barley Mow - the beautiful house that is today Barley Grange at Bollington Cross. The licence is thought to have been given up in the late 1860s.
Blazing Rag - see the Post Office Inn and the Steam Engine Inn below. It is possible that the name relates to the means by which a locomotive fireman got his boiler fire going in the morning - he would thrust a piece of burning oil soaked rag into the firebox to get the sticks and coal going.
Britannia - Lost in the local authority's reduction
of licences in 1909, the Britannia was at 14 & 14a Queen
Street, sometimes known as Britannia Cottage.
Cock - listed in Piggot's Commercial Directory
1834, and known to have been at Bollington Cross, but may be
a reference to what is now the Cock & Pheasant.
Dagger Club - This was in Store Street, the
building until early 2015 occupied by Bob Rigby's photographic
shop. One informant suggested that it was at one time the Liberal
party club house.
Drum & Monkey - 116 Bollington Road, previously
named the The Ivy House Tavern (see below).
Farmers Arms - Someone told me there was once a pub of this name; also mentioned by Broster - any ideas? Where was it? Please email me if you know anything about this pub.
Flash Inn - see Orange Tree.
Flying Horse - Lost in the local authority's
reduction of licences in 1909. Anthony Holland tells me that
it was at Nos.3 and 3a Oldham Street. In the 1934 book by Rev
R. Norton Betts (see Books page) it
is reported to have been in Simister's Row, a small ally about
50m along from the Waggon & Horses. However, the weight of
opinion from older residents suggests that the reverend got it
wrong - and what would he know about pubs anyway! - and that
it was indeed in Oldham Street. But does this mean there was
another pub in Simister's Row?
Grapes - Lost in the local authority's reduction
of licences in 1909. This pub was at 10 Church Street (left),
between The Turner's (previously New Con Club, Turner's Arms)
and the Church House. The house there now once had an archway
through it which was possibly an access to the yard behind the
Grapes. However, it is not visible in the picture. The Grapes'
brew house was opposite the pub.
Horse Shoe - a beerhouse whose landlord in
1837 was one William Holland. He appears in trade directories
of the time as a blacksmith - the two go together well! But where
was the Horse Shoe inn?
Lord Nelson - a beer house next door to Water
Street Centre, known today as Nelson Cottage. In 1891 the
Lord Nelson Inn was managed by Robert Thompson.
Lowther Arms - actually at Pott Shrigley. We know very little about this pub other than it is thought to have been "closed down in the 1920's by Lady Lowther, supposedly after she smelt alcohol on the breath of her groom!" (thanks Jim McIntosh).
Sharp has very kindly emailed "A distant ancestor, Edward
Unwin b.1797, appears in various censuses as a publican, living
in Pott Village in 1841, as an innkeeper in Pott (near Unwin
Pool?) in 1851, and as a retired publican in/on Gibhill (near
Birchencliff cottages?) in 1861. He died in 1866. ... Alas, no
pub is mentioned next to the census entries for Edward Unwin.
Might he have been the landlord? Any light you can shed on this
would be very gratefully received." If you know more
please let me know. The 1912 map (right) shows the
three places mentioned in Robert's note.
Navigation - is now Aqueduct Cottage beside the canal on Hurst Lane. It is said to have lost its licence in about 1905 (or maybe the 1909 cull) after the wives of mill workers objected to their men folk going in there after they were paid on a Thursday and spending all the housekeeping before going home! In those days it was very often the wives who managed the family finances - though 10/6 (pronounced 'ten and six', that is 10 shillings and 6D [D used to mean pence!] or 52½p in today's decimal money) could hardly be regarded as finance, but the family had to live on it for a week! The canal horses were lodged overnight in stables beneath the house for a few pennies.
Orange Tree -
at the bottom end of Flash Lane and now buried beneath the Silk
Road. Thought to have been built in 1899 it is believed by some
to have lost its licence in 1909. However, Mark Lovatt says that "Hearsay
is that it was closed after a
daughter of the Brocklehurst family was involved in a fatal accident
outside it, early 1900's. It
is also on the 1882 Ordnance map so it must have been built earlier
than noted above. No other details known." Interesting,
because I (webmaster) heard from another source that it was open
for only 9 years! Clearly wrong. See the picture at the Discovery Centre.
Confusion could have arisen because on the 1874 map it is shown
as the Flash Inn. Though marked as an Inn on the 1896-1904 map
it is without a name.
Post Office Inn - Mentioned in Looking Back
at Bollington by George Longden & Molly Spink (see Books page). Mark Lovatt writes "The
Post Office Inn was located immediately south of the 'Waggon
and Horses'. I remember seeing a photograph of it and seem
to remember it being set back a little, behind what used to
be the butchers. The original 'Waggon' was also set back a
little off the road, before being replaced by the present building
by the railway company in 1907. The 'new' Waggon may also have
been referred to as the 'Railway' or the 'Blazing Rag'. [This
is] marked on the 1881-82 Ordnance Survey [map]." But
see immediately below regarding the Railway ...
Railway Inn - Mentioned in Looking Back at Bollington by George Longden & Molly Spink (see Books page). Daren Hooley writes to say that "... the 1881 Census shows that my great, great grandfather, John Hooley lived in the Railway Tavern on Princess Street." Please email me if you know more. Also see the Post Office Inn immediately above.
|The Rising Sun in Lord Street; house on the
left with the steps.
BCS collection, Discovery Centre.
Rising Sun - Noted by Betts (1934) (see Books page) as once a beer house in Lord Street. Thought to have been named after the rising sun embossed plate which was found affixed to the wall of Heaver's Brewery after the latter was burnt down in 1931. Personally I suggest that its elevated position facing east has more to do with it. The rising sun plate was probably an insurance mark to ensure the fire brigade attended.
Robin Hood Inn - we have a picture of it in
the Civic Society collection (see Discovery Centre)
but where was it located? They sold Stancliffes' Ales and offered
'Good Stabling' but I do not recognise the setting. If you know
more please email me.
Shoulder of Mutton - listed in Piggot's Commercial
Directory 1834. Most probably an earlier name for the Holly Bush
Inn, see below.
Steam Engine Inn - Mark Lovatt writes "This
was in the terrace south of the Cock & Pheasant, at 35 Bollington Road, where a small front garden wall protrudes onto the pavement and is quite obvious when you see it. I don't know when it closed, but my grandmother (Annie Abbott, 1904-2001) remembered it. This is another contender for the
'Blazing Rag'. [This is] marked on the 1881-1882 Ordnance Survey [map]."
Alan Swindale was also kind enough to write "According
to the 1891 census, Harriet Swindells, the 64 year old widow
of William Swindells, was the publican at the Steam Engine
at that time."
Dave Smith also most generously shared with me a legal Memorandum
of Agreement dated 6th December 1899 in which Ralph Nield
is engaged as tenant to run a beerhouse known as the Steam Engine
Inn at Bollington Cross from the quarter day, 26th December 1899.
The pub was then owned by Richard Clarke & Company Limited, brewers
at the Westgate Brewery in Stockport at least within the years
1894 - 1961 (Stockport Archive Service).
If you know more please email me.
The Ivy House Tavern - Mark Lovatt writes "The Ivy Tavern was (is) the last house in Bollington Cross on the
left hand side when heading towards Macclesfield, 116 Bollington
Road, ... facing 'The Rookery'. [This is] marked on
the 1881-1882 Ordnance Survey [map]." Later
known as the Drum & Monkey.
Waddling Duck - 10 & 12 Lord Street. The cellar was filled in some time after it ceased to be a pub. However, it was dug out again when the houses were re-furbished in the 1990s. The name probably arises from the fact that it was adjacent to a ford across the river before the bridge was built. There would have been plenty of ducks in the road.
Waggon & Horses - the original Waggon &
Horses inn was demolished and replaced by the North Staffordshire
Railway Company (NSR, the Knotty) in 1907 with a building that
still stands - now an Indian
restaurant. The original is pictured
left; it's the little low building! I am grateful to Jan Pusey
who tells me that her ancestors John
& Sarah Bowden (nee Mottershead) were
in the pub in 1891.
The small building is the original Waggon & Horses. The Post Office is on the extreme left. BCS collection, Discovery Centre.
Weavers Arms - listed in Piggot's Commercial Directory 1834. Do you know where it was? Please email me if you do.
I have been told that there was once a pub on the corner of
Palmerston Street and Church Street (Shrigley Court stands there
now). In a 1958 picture we can see that it was a corner shop,
newsagent, but it may well have been a pub in earlier years -
perhaps one that lost its licence in the 1909 cull. Any ideas?
Please email me if you know anything about this.
Laura Beresford has very kindly told me about the houses on
the topside corner of Shrigley Road and Beeston Mount. According
to the deeds these were once a beer house. Not yet sure of the
name, but perhaps this was also one that lost its licence in
the 1909 cull. Any ideas? Please email me if you know anything about this.
We have lost some in the last few years:
The Barge Inn - only opened for a few years in the late 1980s and early 90s on the canalside at Adelphi Wharf. Lost about 1995 when the associated Adelphi Hotel went out of business.
Cheshire Hunt - converted to a house and cottages
in 2001/2. I am indebted to Harold Skelhorn and Paul Wreglesworth
for bringing to my notice a very interesting story about this
pub. In the late 1800s it changed its name to the Cheshire Hunt.
Previously it had been known as the Quiet
Harold tells me that around 1950 he took the
school bus each day which passed this pub. Some renovation
work was being carried out and he noticed that the roadside pub
sign showed that it was the Quiet Woman, and this was painted
over with Cheshire Hunt. Harold said "The old picture showed
the head of a woman inside what looked like a dome shaped bird
cage. The painting portrayed the woman with a very large tongue
hanging from her mouth trapped with a large mouse trap!" Not
very PC today - I can't see us getting that re-instated! (The
pub name remains in use up at East Sterndale, near Buxton, but
their picture is somewhat more acceptable!)
Meridian - closed in August 2006 but re-developed
in 2007 into The Plaice fish
restaurant and takeaway. Alan Wain, whose mother was an Oldfield,
tells me that his aunt Winifred and husband Ralph Clayton ran
the Meridian during WWII (early 1940s). The Meridian was noted
for its skittle alley which Alan remembers playing. It was along
one side of the bar, which was finished with black and white
checkered tiles! I, too, remember the black and white tiles,
so they were still there in the late 1970s. It was for some years
a Moroccan restaurant before final closure and refurbishment
(almost a re-build) to create The Plaice. That closed in 2013,
only for the takeaway half of the building to open as the Indian
Express takeaway in October 2014. This lasted only a
year before closure and conversion of the building into two domestic
Redway Tavern - closed 2003. Returned to cottages in 2004/5.
The Vale Inn -
closed for seven years then re-opened in September 2002 only
to close again in April 2004. However, it re-opened
again in March 2005 and is now one of the most successful
pubs in Bollington! One of only three Free Houses (the others
are the Poachers and the Crown),
which might have something to do with it! It also has its own
micro-brewery, Bollington Brewing Co., producing the most delicious
prize-winning beers! That's a first in Bollington for about 80
Financial downturn and changes in drinking habits
From 2008 the country was in a bad way financially and there
began a period of difficulty for the pub industry. Many pubs
had been acquired in the previous eight years by companies (Pubcos)
specialising in the ownership of pubs but were not breweries.
All this was done on borrowed money. The cost of the debt resulted
in sky high rents for landlords and they also had a limited selection
of beers available to them and at high prices too, supplied through
the Pubcos. The following pubs were casualties during this period
Highwayman - really a Rainow pub but always
listed on this web site, it closed in January 2010 and its
future looked bleak. It re-opened for a short time but then
closed for good. It has been converted into a domestic
Graham Hibbert very kindly sent me the following story about
the Highwayman - "When I was a teenager we would often go
to 'The Patch' for a night out. Everyone in
Rainow, Bollington and beyond knew The Patch. It was the perfect
country pub with three open fires and a well used piano. Delicious
chicken sandwiches with wonderful home made stuffing were always
available. I am referring to the Blacksmiths Arms,
still puzzled? In about 1956 Bill Oldham the then landlord changed
the name to The Highwayman. Why everyone knew it as The Patch
was a mystery but it was thought it was this that led to the
landlord's choice of the new name. Long after Bill Oldham, and
later his son, Neville Oldham, retired came the idea of serving
gourmet food at gourmet prices along with the drink drive laws
which would lead to the demise of this wonderful pub. Steeped
in history. Perhaps one of our older readers can shed more light
on why 'The Patch'?"
Rising Sun - another Rainow pub lost in about
2011 and converted to domestic use (2013-14).
Queen's Arms - in High Street at the junction
with Water Street, it closed in 2012 and has been converted
into three domestic dwellings (2014). This pub suffered from
lack of appeal, a small catchment area for regulars, and a bad
reputation for drugs.
Below are pictures of an early 19thC large (1 quart) presentation
mug with the Odd Fellows emblem or seal on it (right picture)
and the recipient's initials along with the 'Queen's Arms Inn,
Bollington.' (left picture). This beautiful piece, in perfect
undamaged condition, was found in the USA in the early 21stC
and very carefully conveyed back to the UK, where it is in the
hands of a local collector. It is probable that it was among
the chattels of someone who emigrated from Bollington to North
America in the late 19th or early 20thC. It's done well to survive!
Red Lion - at the top of High Street, closed
after a prolonged period of poor business on 17 July 2013. Has
been converted into a domestic dwelling.
Royal Oak - the only proper pub in West Bollington
(one can also drink at the Bay Leaf Indian Restaurant) closed
in 2013 and has been converted into a domestic dwelling.
Holly Bush -
in Palmerston Street closed for a significant time since 2013.
Now fully re-furbished and re-opened from 01/04/2016!
Regrettably there are other local pubs which might be considered
to be 'at risk'. Time will tell.
Masonic Arms - certainly not lost; just renamed as the Poachers Inn. I understand that it had yet another name before it was the Masonic. Anyone know what it was?
Shoulder of Mutton - listed in Piggot's Commercial Directory 1834. The Civic Society historic archive has a press cutting dating from around 1968, probably from a Macclesfield paper, in which Jesse Beard (who was a small boy in 1880) noted that his father kept the Holly Bush Inn in Palmerston
Street when it was known as the Shoulder
of Mutton. Beard senior brewed once a fortnight. The archway to the right of the pub was used as a slaughterhouse and during the unemployment when the cotton industry was in decline (1870s?) Beard senior boiled up broth in the archway for the local population.
Arms - re-cycled as The
Turner's (previously the New
Con Club - the old Conservative Club moved),
though effectively one pub lost because the old Conservative
Club in Adlington Road is now an office occupied by the Bollington
Group. The Turner's, as it has always been more commonly known,
had its glasses engraved (right) to establish ownership.
Waggon & Horses - closed through the autumn
of 2006 and re-opened after refurbishment on 6th December 2006
as the Bayleaf lounge,
bar & restaurant, so, in reality, that's another
There were many beerhouses that brewed their own beer and many of the pubs listed above did that. There were also a small number of independent brewers and the biggest was Heaver Brothers. Brewers have their own page.
Others include Pimlott & Co., George H Gill and Greenwood & Gill. Not sure if Gill is the same chap in both businesses. We have bottles from each of these.
Everyone knows Frederic Robinson Ltd., brewers of the Unicorn Brewery in Stockport. But very few know that William Robinson started out as a Bollington publican before moving to the Unicorn Inn in Lower Hillgate, Stockport, in September 1838 (William? Frederic? see their history page). Unfortunately we don't yet know which pub he had here and whether he brewed his own beer, as many of the small beerhouses did in the early 1800s.
I am most grateful to those who have provided additional information on the old pubs of Bollington. This page has become a very interesting collection of pub heritage as a result.
Please let me know of any other old pubs of Bollington or anything else you know about those already listed - please send me a message!
Your historic documents